Hinweis: Der Begriff «Konsensfabrik» bezieht sich auf das Buch von Edward S. Hermann und Noam Chomsky und die systemerhaltende Funktion der Medien. Während «nützliche Idioten» überall in der Gesellschaft anzutreffen sind, können sich die wenigsten eine Medienplattform leisten. Das Geld dafür bekommt man nur, wenn man die richtige Botschaft verkündet. «Wes Brot ich ess, des Lied ich sing.»
Symptomatisch für den bevorstehenden Untergang einer korrupten Gesellschaft ist, dass Unmoral zum wertvollen Gut wird. Da bestehende Machtstrukturen mit rationalen Argumenten nicht mehr zu rechtfertigen sind, werden Menschen auf die Bühne geholt, die nicht nur keine Moral haben, sondern auch bereit sind, ihre Seele zu verkaufen. Der Arbeitsmarkt für Schwachköpfe und Opportunisten war wohl selten besser also heute.
Das Phänomen ist nicht neu und Namen wie «Judas» oder «Quisling» sind uns allen bekannt. Im Roman «Kassandra» von Christa Wolf wird die Rolle des opportunistischen Mitläufers vom Eumelos verkörpert. «Der Sohn eines niedrigen Schreibers und einer Sklavin aus Kreta» reisst als «fähiger Mensch» immer mehr Macht an sich, weil er skrupellos jeden Befehl der Obrigkeit ausführt. Als Kassandra ihn auf den bevorstehenden Untergang aufmerksam macht, glaubt er ihr nicht, «weil er gar nichts glaubte. Ein Niemand, der nicht glaubensfähig war.»
Das Besondere an der heutigen Situation ist also nur das Ausmass des Wahnsinns. Viele Politiker, wie beispielsweise Boris Johnsson oder Donald Trump, glauben an nichts mehr und haben keine erkennbaren politischen Visionen. Sie haben festgestellt, dass Lügen keine Konsequenzen haben, und verhalten sich entsprechend. «Ist der Ruf erst ruiniert, lebt sich ganz ungeniert.» Leider haben sich auch viele Medienorganisationen entschieden, dass sich Opportunismus besser verkauft als die Wahrheit. Die einst renommierte «NZZ» ist anscheinend diesen Weg eingeschlagen.
Das erste Beispiel dafür ist eine Recherche zur Windkraft in Deutschland, die zum Schluss kommt, dass die Windenergie sich nur durch Subventionen behaupten kann. Kann sein, aber der Grund dafür sind die massiven Subventionen der fossilen Energien. Rechnen wir es kurz durch: Gemäss BP versorgen uns die fossilen Brennstoffe mit etwa 136’000 TWh Primärenergie. Eine Studie des internationalen Währungsfonds (IMF) kommt aber zum Schluss, dass fossile Brennstoffe weltweit mit 5.9 Billionen USD subventioniert werden. Dies entspricht etwa 4.3 Cent pro kWh oder 11 Cent pro kWh Strom, wenn wir mit einem Wirkungsgrad von 40% rechnen. Ein globaler CO2-Preis von 174 USD pro Tonne CO2 würde das Problem lösen und ein konkreter Vorschlag liegt vor: Global Climate Compensation. Die Klimabewegung wäre offen für eine freie Marktwirtschaft, wenn bei allen Energieträgern eine Vollkostenrechnung gemacht werden würde. Die «NZZ» scheint damit ein Problem zu haben, was durch das Propagandamodell von Hermann und Chomsky leicht zu erklären ist: Subventionen sind nur dann schlecht, wenn die falschen Leute das Geld erhalten.
Als zweites Beispiel kann ein Kommentar des NZZ-Chefredaktors Eric Gujer erwähnt werden. Schamlos bedient er sich des tragischen Todes einer Frau in Berlin, um die Überwachung der Klimabewegung durch den Staatsschutz zu fordern. Dabei handelt es sich um einen tragischen Unfall mit tödlichem Ausgang und die Justiz muss die Schuldfrage klären. Fest steht, dass die Frau von einem Betonmischer überrollt wurde, der kaum im Auftrag der Klimabewegung unterwegs war. Ob der Verkehrsstau oder eher das Fehlen einer Rettungsgasse, zum Tod der Frau beigetragen hat und wie weit dies der Klimabewegung angelastet werden kann, ist ebenfalls Gegenstand einer von der Staatsanwaltschaft geführten Ermittlung, die noch lange nicht abgeschlossen ist. All dies müsste Herrn Gujer bekannt sein. Übrigens sterben deutlich mehr Menschen durch Verkehrsunfälle als durch politische Gewalttaten. Wenn wir die gesundheitlichen Auswirkungen der Luftverschmutzung auch noch berücksichtigen, wird klar, gegen wen der Staat eigentlich vorgehen müsste.
In Amerika hat Roger Ailes mit der Schaffung des Senders «Fox News» dem Journalismus einen irreparablen Schaden zugefügt. In der Schweiz ist ein ähnlicher Trend festzustellen. Roger Köppel hat die «Weltwoche» zerstört und Eric Gujer hat dies offensichtlich mit der «NZZ» vor.
Selbstverständlich haben die Herren Köppel und Gujer das Recht, ihre Meinungen kundzutun. In einer Marktwirtschaft dürfen sie wohl auch die Webseiten ihrer Organisation dafür nutzen oder Geld von Lobbygruppen für das Verbreiten einer Botschaft entgegennehmen. Wenn aber das Stimmvolk (oder «der Souverän») sowohl von Politikern wie auch von Journalisten hinters Licht geführt wird, ist dies dem politischen Diskurs nicht dienlich. Die vierte Gewalt hätte in einer Demokratie eine wichtige Funktion zu erfüllen und das Prinzip wäre eigentlich einfach: Meinungen sind frei, aber Fakten sind heilig («Comments are free but facts are sacred»).
«Die erste Freiheit der Presse besteht darin, kein Gewerbe zu sein» hat Karl Marx gesagt. Vielleicht könnten die «NZZ» und «Die Weltwoche» etwas von ihm lernen.
Leadership can best be described as the ability to make the right decisions based on incomplete information. Based on this definition, there are no climate leaders in the world today. Most of what you need to know about the climate crisis can be learned from three simple diagrams based on publicly available data. And yet, we refuse to act.
United wishes and good will cannot overcome brute facts. Truth is incontrovertible. Panic may resent it. Ignorance may deride it. Malice may distort it. But there it is.
Here is an interesting graph from September 2020 to start the new year.
Obviously, the world is not even close to having an idea about a plan for preventing catastrophic climate change. It is a bit worrying when the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases are either “highly” or “critically” insufficient in meeting their climate protection goals.
There are two reasons for this sad state of affairs:
By sticking to the idea of economic growth, governments have essentially been trying to square the circle by accomplishing something which is physically impossible.
There is no incentive for politicians to admit their own inadequacy. When was the last time you heard about a politician who resigned because he realized that he was not up to the job?
This leaves us in a precarious situation, where the people entrusted with climate policy are either unable or unwilling to do what is required to prevent catastrophic climate change. Instead, they put on a charade of pretending to be concerned to appease the masses. If the last four years have taught us anything, it is that “telling the people the lies they want to hear” can be a successful and dangerous strategy.
The incontrovertible fact is that our current approach to tackling the climate crisis has failed and that the people in charge have no idea what to do next. It is therefore not enough to demand that our politicians do something. We need to tell them what to do!
Global Climate Compensation (GCC) offers a simple solution based on the idea that the people responsible for destroying the climate should pay for the damage done. It will not solve all our problems, but it would be a huge step in the direction. It is also completely risk-free and could be implemented immediately. It is a lot better than doing nothing
I am actively trying to promote GCC. Please let me know if you like the idea and believe that you can help.
In order to stop climate change, we need to call on less than 300 companies to compensate their carbon emissions. Somehow, this does not seem impossible.
By Henrik Nordborg Zurich, 2019-12-29
The American historian Barbara W. Tuchmann begins her book The March of Folly with the following observation:
A phenomenon noticeable throughout history regardless of place or period is the pursuit by governments of policies contrary to their own interests. Mankind, it seems, makes a poorer performance of government than of almost any other human activity. In this sphere, wisdom, which may be defined as the exercise of judgment acting on experience, common sense and available information, is less operative and more frustrated than it should be. Why do holders of high office so often act contrary to the way reason points and enlightened self-interest suggests? Why does intelligent mental process seem so often not to function?
Tuchman, Barbara W., The March of Folly: From Troy to Vietnam.
She goes on to describe a number of examples of governments acting stupidly, even though they had all the information required for rational decisions. The book, which was published in 1984, only covers events up to the Vietnam war. Looking at the world today, we could easily add many more examples governmental madness. The question is only whether there will be anyone left to read them.
It is now obvious that humanity has failed to react to the threat of climate change and that we still do not have the faintest idea how to solve the problem. Both the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Paris Agreement have failed to produce any tangible results and we are rapidly running out of time. The most recent reports by climate scientists indicate that we are close to reaching important tipping points, which would make climate change irreversible. On the other hand, greenhouse gas emissions are higher than ever before and are still increasing. Humanity is accelerating towards the precipice.
Given that we have less than ten years of carbon budget left at current emission rates, one could argue that we have already passed the political point of no return. Staying below 1.5°C of warming would require cutting global CO2 emissions by at least 7.6% annually, starting right now. There is zero probability of this happening as a result of international climate talks. In other words, humanity has about as much chance of surviving the 21st century as the proverbial snowball in hell.
It does not have to be like this. Most carbon emissions (carbon dioxide and methane) result from the activities of a small number of fossil fuel producers. Requiring them to compensate all the emissions resulting from the fuel they use and sell will introduce a global price on carbon emissions, incentivizing people to use less fossil fuel and to invest in alternatives. Do we want to force a couple of hundred companies to pay up, or do we accept the end of life as we know it? We only have a few years left to decide.
Global Climate Compensation
The simple truth is that we need to stop using fossil fuel as quickly as possible. In a market-based economy, this is most easily achieved by introducing a high and increasing price on carbon emissions globally. The only problem is that poor people cannot afford higher energy prices, which is why carbon prizing must be coupled to a financial redistribution scheme to be socially acceptable. One way to achieve all this is the following scheme for Global Carbon Compensation:
All producers of fossil fuel pay a fee proportional to their production to a global fund.
The money from the fund is distributed among the world’s nations on a per capita basis.
The carbon price increases with time and with the carbon concentration in the atmosphere.
For simplicity, we can consider a price of 100 USD per ton of carbon dioxide to start with. With current emissions of approximately 37 Gt CO2 per year, the fund will receive 3.7 trillion USD annually. This is a lot of money but still less than the 5.2 trillion USD of annual subsidies given to the fossil fuel sector according the IMF. Every nation will receive a sum corresponding to approximately USD 480 per capita. This is a significant amount of money for many developing countries in the world. Thus, countries with a small carbon footprint will benefit and those with a high footprint will suffer.
A carbon price of 100 USD/t is not enough to decarbonize the world economy, but it will have significant impact. Here are some examples of price increases based on carbon emissions:
Electricity from coal-fired power plants: 8 cents/kWh
Gasoline: 24 cents/liter or 92 cents/gallon
Barrel of oil: 40 USD
Flying from London to New York and back: 180 USD economy, 340 USD business class.
Why this makes sense
In order to burn one ton of carbon, we need to add 2.67 tons of oxygen to produce 3.67 tons of carbon dioxide. Without this oxygen and the right to emit the resulting carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, carbon-based fuels would be worthless. In other words, the business models of the fossil fuel companies depend on their right to destroy the atmosphere. There is no reason for why they should not pay for this right. In other words, the carbon footprint of a fossil fuel company consists of the direct emissions and all the carbon sold.
Fortunately, there are fewer than 300 significant fossil fuel companies in the world and we know exactly how much carbon they produce. We do not question their right to do business or to be profitable, but they must pay for their use of the atmosphere, which belongs to all of us. Obviously, they will react by increasing the price of fuel, thereby passing on the higher costs to their customers. The effect will be similar to that of a global carbon tax, but with fossil fuel producers and not the governments raising prices. This is an important distinction. The price of fossil fuel depends on many factors, such as the production cost, the carbon prize, and the profits of the producers. Today, fossil fuel companies are highly profitable, and their profits are paid for by consumers everywhere. Anyone arguing that access to cheap fossil fuel is important to society, needs to explain why the profit-making of the oil companies is tolerated. They can’t have it both ways. If these companies are required to pay climate compensation, the cost would be split between their shareholders and their customers.
Just as it is very efficient to implement the carbon prize directly at the source, it makes sense to use national governments to distribute the money from the fund. This has the additional benefit of not violating national sovereignty. Every government will receive a large sum of money, which it can use as it sees fit. Since fossil fuel prices will increase significantly, it will be wise to use the money for investments in renewable energy and to protect the weakest in society from the effects of rising living costs. In developing countries, it will be possible to do a lot more than that. After all, giving everyone in the Global South a universal basic income of 40 USD per month would change a lot of things.
Global Climate Compensation will transfer large sums of money from countries with a high per capita carbon footprint to countries using less resources. This is both necessary – in order to avoid an unprecedented refugee crisis and human suffering – and fair. After all, the industrialized nations do not have to pay for their historic emissions and the damage they have caused in the past. Furthermore, contributing to the fund is voluntary, as nobody is obliged to use fossil fuel. A significant increase in the price of fossil fuel will automatically lead to a reduction in demand, meaning that the figure of 3.7 trillion USD given above is probably far too high. Energy efficient countries will benefit from the GCC, regardless of their wealth and average income. The scheme therefore does not punish rich and developed countries but inefficient ones. The fund could be managed by the United Nations, which would give a badly needed boost to international collaboration without the need to establish yet another organization, but this is not necessary. The general rule is to simply pay out the money to countries based on the size of their population and not to interfere in national politics. However, a country behaving badly could be black-listed and lose its right to receive payments from the fund.
It also makes sense to couple the emission price to the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere in order to prevent a massive sell-off of fossil fuel. As soon as it becomes clear that the price of carbon will increase, fossil fuel producers will have strong incentive to sell as much as possible as quickly as possible. With a cleverly implemented carbon prize, this sell-off would simply make the prize increase even faster.
Is it possible to decarbonize the economy without sacrificing economic growth? Global Carbon Compensation is the only way to find out. If the proponents of technological solutions are right, the introduction of global carbon prizing will simply lead to a rapid decarbonization of the economy. If not, carbon emissions will sink anyway, but mainly through reduced consumption and sufficiency.
It is very difficult to find an argument against GCC which is not based on simple greed or selfishness. The principle that carbon emissions should cost the same everywhere makes a lot of sense. Likewise, it is easy to accept the idea that all humans have the same right to the oxygen in the atmosphere. Implementing this plan through fossil fuel companies and national government means that less than 500 parties need to be involved in working out the details. Furthermore, it the plan does not even need political approval, as there is no law preventing private companies from making donations to a fund run by the UN even today.
How to make it happen
How realistic is this plan for Global Carbon Compensation? Obviously, the usual suspects like the fossil fuel industry and the governments of oil-producing nations will be vehemently opposed to it. The real question is therefore how many of us are prepared to oppose them.
The idea behind GCC is to give the fossil fuel producers a fair chance to show that they are willing to be part of solving the climate crisis. If they agree, they can start contributing to the fund immediately. If not, they have officially declared themselves enemies of humanity and lost all rights to exist. We will go after the companies, their owners, and their employees in every way possible, including government sanctions, legal actions, and activism. A company producing fossil fuel but refusing to pay GCC will be considered the moral equivalent of drug cartel but will find it a bit more difficult to hide. Owning shares in or working for a fossil fuel company not participating in GCC will be considered a crime against humanity. Governments and major corporations will only buy fossil fuel from corporations participating in GCC.
The time has come to get serious about solving the climate crisis. It will involve an unprecedented level of international collaboration and the transfer of financial resources from rich countries to poorer ones. Global Climate Compensation accomplishes this with a minimum amount of bureaucracy and government intervention and the plan could be implemented immediately. It will not solve all problems, but it is our best chance addressing climate change.
Are we going to allow a small number of fossil fuel producers to kill our children? If not, we’d better start acting now. So let’s demand Global Climate Compensation as soon as possible. There are less then 300 fossil fuel companies and millions of us, so it should not be too difficult.
Apparently, the CEOs of the oil companies are already discussing reducing their emissions because of the social pressure:
The Chairman of the Oil and Gas Authority (OGA) said that the oil and gas industry’s ‘social licence to operate’ is under serious threat and there is no scope of a second chance, adding that it must do more to help solve the challenges of climate change and the drive to net zero, OGA, 2020-01-16